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                范仲淹 文学家
                来源: 市文化广电新闻出版局   发布日期: 2016-09-26 09:36   访问量:

                范仲淹(989—1052),字希文,北宋苏州吴县(今江◣苏苏州)人。大中祥符八年(1015)进士。景祐元年(1034),迁知苏州,创建郡学、义庄。二年,权知开封府,有敢言之名。因反对宰相吕↑夷简擅权,出知饶州(今江西波阳)、润州(今江∑ 苏镇江)、越州(今浙江绍⊙兴)。康定元年(1040),以龙图阁直学士出任①陕西经略副使,主持对西夏军事,筑青涧、大顺城,修复胡卢、细腰等砦,开营田,羌族Ψ归业者数万户,边〖防赖以巩固。庆历三年(1043),召为枢密副使,旋改参☆知政事。上疏条ω陈十事,建议改〗革吏治,裁汰冗滥,选贤任能,并ω 论减徭役、厚农桑、修武备等事。这些建议大都被宋仁宗采纳,陆续施行。史称」庆历新政。但因新政损害了官僚贵族的利益,遭到强烈反对□,被诬为“朋党”。五年,罢参知政事,出任陕西四路宣抚使。后知邠(今陕西彬县)、邓(今河南邓县)、杭等州。卒谥文正。擅词赋,政论杂文趋古 ,但章、表、启、奏仍杂骈俪。《岳阳楼记》抒写自己“先天下之忧而忧、后天下之乐而乐”的理想和抱负,为历代传诵。有《范文正公集》传世。

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